Today, one in nine of the world’s 7.3 billion people — more than 800 million men, women and children — don’t get enough to eat, despite the fact that more than enough food is produced daily to feed everyone on Earth (at least based on calories).
Most of the world’s hungry live in the developing regions of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, and many of them are children. Inadequate nutrition kills more than three million children under age 5 every year, and is responsible for 45% of all such global deaths. Worldwide, one in six kids (a total of about 100 million) is underweight.
And yet, according to the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ “Healthy Food for a Healthy World” report, 1.9 billion people globally are overweight and 600 million are obese. Thanks in large part to growing consumption of so-called empty calories, many of these people are also among those with inadequate nutrition. “There are a billion hungry people, and more than two billion who are overweight or obese,” said Danielle Nierenberg, the president of the nonprofit Food Tank advisory group. “People can be overweight and also malnourished.”